Length and Details of Distribution Network
The Distribution Network comprises of Tamale Existing Network – 562 Km, MiDA Improvement – 98.4 Km, Subsequent Year Improvement Program (SYIP) – 137.5 Km including 5.5km of Salamba pipeline replacement and Yendi – 68.6km.The total distribution network in the region is therefore about 866.5 km
Generally, the flow situation has improved considerably with the substantial completion of the SYIP project. Low flows experienced in the Region have been managed by the installation of centre valves at selected locations nonetheless additional valves would be required to ensure smooth operation of water supply within the network.
The distribution system in the Tamale is classified into 3 zones:
A – High pressure zone
B – Medium pressure zone
C – Low pressure zone
For Yendi, distribution of water is done on alternate days in this order – Nayilfong, Zole, Balogu, Bungalows, substation ‘A’ and substation ‘B’.
Subsequent Year Investment Programme (SYIP) – Distribution Inter-connections of 137.5km of pipelines 450m/ 300/ 200/ 100/ 110 as replacement and renewals to areas such as Industrial Area, Airport Road, Katariga-Kamina Barracks, Bisco on the Nyankpala Road, Agric to Sakasaka, Lamashegu, Kpanvo, Vittim (Shooting Range, Village and loop to Yendi), Banvim-Kanshegu, Sawaba, Kumbungu, Kanshegu etc. and construction of air valves, washout chambers.
Millennium Development Authority (MiDA) – The Tamale Water Expansion Project which is being implemented by Millennium Development Authority (MiDA) for the 3 beneficiary districts (i.e. Tamale Metropolis, Savelugu-Nanton&Tolon-Kumbungu Districts) was packaged into four (4) different LOTS. These include:
LOT 1 – Water Extension to Tamale Metropolis: – community beneficiaries included Wamale, Chanzeni, Zuo, Gbabshie and Difaa
LOT 2 – Water Extension to Savelugu-Nanton District: – community beneficiaries included Savelugu Township, Moglaa, Ligba, Tootenyili, Tibale and Kpendua.
LOT 3 – Pong-Tamale Water Supply System: – community beneficiaries included Agric Station, Pong-Tamale and Pong.
LOT 4 – Water Extension to Tolon-Kumbungu District:- community beneficiaries included Fando, Botanga and Logoshiegu.
Despite the above interventions, much more is desired in terms of distribution improvement as the Tamale Township has expanded outstripping the existing distribution coverage. In the not too distant future, an extension of 160km of pipeline would be required for improvement in the distribution network, including 40 kilometers of up-grading 50mm (2”) to 100mm (4”) both for Tamale and Yendi. Most of the Boundary valves are currently not sitting and this hampering the smooth running and effective DMA and water balance.
Current leakage levels in Tamale were relatively low but the introduction of District Meter Areas (DMA) and pressure management had further reduced leakage to 30%. The installation of meters and PRVs controls flow from the transmission main and allows more of the water produced at Dalun WTP to be supplied to Tamale. This should have resulted in significant reductions to NRW but rather the opposite as most of the materials and devices used are now defective and no more in use.
Messrs-Bi-water used a Global Information System (GIS) to map the existing distribution network and build a hydraulic model to optimise the design of the network extensions. The Water Asset Management component of the project is to reduce the current high levels of non–revenue water by leakage detection, flow and pressure control and improve revenue collection and network management with new computer systems.